(CNN). If you’re one of the millions who are planning to use fertility treatments to have children, it is important to know that there are increased chances of developing vascular or pregnancy-related complications.
“Advancing maternal ages — specifically, being 35 or older — increases your risk of developing conditions such as chronic high blood pressure that increase the chance of pregnancy complications,” stated study author, Dr Pensee Wu. He is a senior lecturer, honorary consultant obstetrician, and subspecialist on maternal-fetal medicine at Keele School of Medicine, Staffordshire, UK.
The Journal of the American Heart Association published the study Tuesday. It compared more that 106,000 births. The baby was conceived using assisted reproductive technology compared to the more than 34 millions births that were conceived without it.
Infertility treatment women who had used it were more likely to have preexisting conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure, and they were also more likely to have been overweight when they began the treatment.
A woman who used assisted reproductive technology to become pregnant was 2.5 times more likely to develop acute kidney failure, and 65% more likely to have an irregular heartbeat. The risk of placental disruption, which is when the placenta splits from the uterus’ inner wall before birth, was 57% higher in these women. These women were 38% more likely than the average woman to have to deliver a baby by cesarean and 26% more likely that their baby would be born prematurely.
The study did not compare fertility treatments. This is an “important distinction”, Dr. Sigal Klipstein of Chicago reproductive endocrinology, infertility specialist, stated via email. She was not part of the study.
Klipstein is a liaison member of American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists’ Committee on Ethics. She said that a woman who needs a brief course of fertility pills to conceive and one woman who requires multiple cycles of in vitro fertilization (IVF) were all included in the study.
She said that there could be significant differences in treatment types, treatment durations, and time periods between conception and treatment.
The study found that fertility treatments were associated with increased risk for women even if they did not have any symptoms of heart disease.
Women who are undergoing fertility treatment should consult their doctor closely to reduce their risk of developing heart disease.
Wu stated that it was surprising that assisted reproductive technology was not only associated with the existence of certain pre-existing conditions, or with older women who are undergoing infertility treatment.
Klipstein was not surprised by this finding. Klipstein was not surprised by this finding. “
She referred to PCOS (or polycystic-ovary syndrome), which is a common hormonal disorder in females. It is a major cause of infertility, and it also increases your lifetime risk of developing cardiovascular disease. She said that women with PCOS are seven-fold more likely to have a heart attack.
Klipstein stated that 1 in 5 women get pregnant with a history of cardiovascular risk factors. This can increase the health risks for the mother , as she carries and gives birth to her child .
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Klipstein believes that the main message of this study was the need for women, if possible, to address their risk factors for developing heart disease before getting pregnant. She suggested that women can lose weight, lower blood pressure, and control their cholesterol.
“The take-home message is that doctors should counsel all women who have preexisting cardiovascular risk factors about becoming pregnant, regardless of whether they have a history or not.